Aim and Scope
The Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences [ISSN 1019-8415 (print) , 2710-4583 (online)] a bi-annual journal is an official publication of Marine Reference Collection and Resource Centre, University of Karachi. PJMS is dedicated to publish original research papers in the broad field of Ocean Sciences, all the major aspects of marine science are covered in PJMS including zoology, botany, geology, chemistry, physiology, systematic, ecology, physical oceanography and fisheries. The data and opinion appearing in the articles and advertisements in this journal are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. The University of Karachi, the Editorial Board and Editors accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences of any such inaccurate data, opinion or statement.