flatfish, fishery

How to Cite

Muhammad, A. A., Farooq, S., & Ali, W. (2024). DIVERSITY AND STATUS OF FLATFISH FISHERY AT BALOCHISTAN COAST, PAKISTAN. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences, 33(1), 21–28. Retrieved from https://pakjmsuok.com/index.php/pjms/article/view/156


Flatfishes are one of the most diverse fishes of the order Pleuronectiformes and are found worldwide and constitute a large proportion of the ground fish catch. The flatfishes are commercially important species of Pakistan having high value and sold locally at higher prices as well as exported in large quantities. The present study aimed to examine the current status of flatfish fishery and their diversity in the coastal waters of Balochistan, Pakistan. These fishes were caught and landed in large quantities at different harbors of Balochistan coast. 3 species in Family Cynoglossidae, 3 species of family Paralichthyidae and 3 species from family Soleidae were recorded. The Cynoglossus arel and S. elongata were the most abundant species and collectively accounts for 82 % abundance in the total flatfish landings. Sur bandar and Pasni are the main fishing grounds for flatfish fishery at Balochistan coast. The highest catch was reported at Sur bandar in 2018 with 2227.99 and 14496.416 in 2019 and the lowest catch reported in Gaddani in 2019 with only 6.55 metric tons. The high demand and increasing catch of these fishes requires a management approach.



Brewster, B., 1987. Eye migration and cranial development during flatfish metamorphosis: a reappraisal (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes). J. Fish Biol. 31(6): 805-833.

Cheung, W.W.L. and M.A. Oyinlola, 2018. Vulnerability of flatfish and their fisheries to climate change. J. Sea Res. 140(347):1-10. (doi:10.1016/j.seares.2018.06.006).

Chaves, P.T., G. Cova-grando and C. Calluf, 2003. Ictiofauna demersal numaregião de plataforma continental do sul do Brasilsubmetida à pescacamaroeira. Acta Biológic. Paran. 32(1,2,3,4): 69-82.

FAO, 2014. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture: Opportunities and Challenges. FAO Rome, Italy.

Fischer, W. and G. Bianchi, 1984. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (fishing area 51) prepared and printed with the support of the Spanish international development agency (DANIDA). Rome. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, vols I-IV.

Froese, R., and Pauly, D. (Eds). 2019. FishBase, version 05/2019. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org (last accessed 7 November 2019).

Munroe, T.A., 2005. Systematic diversity of the Pleuronectiformes. Flatfishes: biology and exploitation, 10-41. (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing). 13-51.

Nelson, J.S., T.C Grande and M.V.H. Wilson, 2017. Fishes of the World. 5th Edition., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Published by Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.A. 752pp. (doi: 10.1111/jfb.13229).

Psomadakis, P.N, H.B. Osmany and M. Moazzam, 2015. Field identification guide to the living marine resources of Pakistan. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. Published by Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and Marine Fisheries Department, Ministry of Ports and Shipping, Government of Pakistan.

Qin, Liu, S.F. Ma., X.X. Wang, Z.L. Xiang and Z.M. Zhuang, 2019. Skeletal development of the chondrocranium in the tongue sole Cynoglossus semilaevis (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae). J. fish biol. 94(2): 223-230.

Schreiber, M.S., 2006. Asymmetric craniofacial remodeling and lateralized behavior in larval flatfish. J. Experiment. Biol. 209(4): 610-621.

Vieira, J.P., J.P. Castello and L.E. Pereira, 1998. Ictiofauna. Osecossistemas costeiro e marinho do extremosul do Brasil. Rio Grande, Ecoscientia, 1: 60-68.

Xing, J., Z. Ke, L. Liu, C. Li, X. Gong and B. Bao, 2020. Eye location, cranial asymmetry, and swimming behavior of different variants of Solea senegalensis. Aquacult. Fisher. 5(4): 182-126.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Asadullah Ali Muhammad, Sumera Farooq, Wajid Ali